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Femundsmarka

4-daagse lus vanuit Synnervika

 

Onvolledige pagina; wordt t.z.t. aangevuld !

Dankzij een boottocht over het meer Femunden kunnen we ook hier
gemakkelijk een
meerdaagse lus maken.
- Parkeer de auto in
Synnervika aan het noordeinde van het meer Femunden,
- neemt de boot MS Femund II naar
Elgå en
- wandel vervolgens in vier dagen terug naar de auto.


Beste periode:
Ongeveer 10 juli - 20 augustus (= hoogzomer).


Wandelgids:
Traumtreks Norwegen Tour 13, blz. 122


Een leeg gebied:
Dertig jaar geleden kwamen er nauwelijks mensen in dat gebied.
Ik liep daar dagenlang zonder iemand tegen te komen. Wel muskusossen en
elanden.
En zittend op de bank voor de hut van Store Hans (Grote Hans) aan de oever
van het meer Femunden gaf het zelfs nog een beetje wildernisgevoel
( 'little Alaska' ).
( Hij was de laatste full-prof
jager in Noorwegen. Binnen in het hutje zag je
een foto van hem.


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Een goede kaart van heel Noorwegen vind je op : www.norgeskart.no/#5/378604/7226208

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HOOGTEPROFIEL
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Van dag tot dag:

1. Elgå Svukuriset ..... 3 uur
... ..
... ..

2. Svukuriset Røvollen.... 6 uur
... ..
... ..

3. Røvollen Ljøsnåvollen ......8 uur
... ..
... ..

4. Ljøsnåvollen Langen .....4 ½ uur.

... ..
... .. ... ..

(Je kunt ook de derde dag eindigen bij Muggsjølia.
Dan wordt de derde dag twee uur korter ( 6 uur ) en
de vierde dag twee uur langer ( 6.30 uur ).



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Vlak bij de hut Røvollen.
Enkele kenmerken van dit gebied zie je op deze foto:
.. 1. open dennenbos ... 2. meren.... 3. rotsblokken ... 4. lichenen.


Kaart:
Turkart 1 : 50.000 ............
Het is toegestaan de kaart van de website
www.norgeskart.no/#5/378604/7226208 op de schaal 1: 25.000 op je computerscherm af te beelden en een afdruk van te maken.
Voordelen van deze werkwijze:
1. Deze digitale kaart bevat de recentste wijzigingen, in tegenstelling tot de
.. papieren Turkart.
2. Het bespaart je veel geld, want Turkarter zijn in Noorwegen erg duur.


Weerbericht:
www.yr.no/place/Norway/Sør-Trøndelag/Røros/Femundsmarka_nasjonalpark/


Markering in het terrein:
Zéér goed.


Drinkwater:
Je komt langs voldoende beken/meren om de veldfles te vullen.


Extra dag mogelijk:
..


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Femundsmarka: Between crooked giant pines and small lakes among a sea of boulders.

 

Introduction Femundsmarka National Park :
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THE GIFT FROM THE ICE:

With twisted pines and secluded lakes scattered amongst a sea of boulders, the Femundsmarka National Park beckons you to experience it.
Ten thousand years ago, the glaciers retreated leaving behind a desolate, primeval-like, ice-age landscape – a landscape that has scarcely changed since.

The area has been used by the Sámi people for centuries, but retains its unspoilt character.
Together with adjoining protected areas in Sweden, the Femundsmarka National Park forms part of one of the largest continuous, undisturbed (?) wilderness areas in southern Scandinavia.

LANDSCAPE AND GEOLOGY:

Barren fells and glittering waters:
The southern part of Femundsmarka is dominated by stony and bouldery fells. Elgåhogna (1460 m) and Store Svuku (1415 m) are some of the highest tops.
(Het zijn kale bergen met een weids uitzicht ).
To the north towers Storvigelen, the highest of the mountains, 1 561 m above sea level.
Between the high fells, lie forested valleys with countless glittering small lakes, watercourses and pine-clad moraine ridges.

Sculpted by ice:
Large parts of Femundsmarka are a barren, primeval landscape sculpted by
the ice that retreated ten thousand years ago.
The area abounds in accumulations of rocks, stones and earth (moraines) and large boulders that were carried along and deposited by the ice.
A distinctive feature is the narrow ridges, called Rogen moraines, which
curve out into the lakes to form a multitude of promontories and islands.
Their name derives from the lake on the Swedish side.



• These forested ridges in lake Rogen are glacial landforms, the so-called 'Rogen moraines.
.. These are also evident around Røvola.

PLANT LIFE:

Mostly poor soil:
The flora in Femundsmarka is quite sparse and the paths are edged with crowberry
(Kraaihei) , bilberry (Blauwe bosbes) and heather.
But there are a few exceptions. Near Røvollen and Muggsjølia are oases
with rich vegetation.
( Daar heb je kalkhoudend gesteente ! )
Twisted
(gedraaide) and weather-worn, old pines  Pinus sylvestris
( Grove den)
are a distinctive feature of the national park, giving Femundsmarka a mystic, fairytale look.
The pines grow like this because of the lack of nutrients to be had from the poor bedrock, as well as the dry inland climate with its long, harsh winters.
The pines are widely scattered, giving an open feeling to most of the park.

In areas of dry ground, the floor of the Lichen – Scots pine woodland
( Lichenen-Dennenbos ) is dominated by sand and gravel, and here the most common species found on the woodland floor are 'reindeer lichen' 
Cladonia rangiferina
( Echt rendiermos) and another lichen, Cladonia stellaris
( Stervormig rendiermos).
The Lichen – Scots pine woodland is light and open, and pine is usually the
only type of tree present.
In areas of wetter ground Heather – bog bilberry – Scots pine woodland takes over. Here, bilberries
( Blauwe bosbessen) , cowberries (Rode bosbessen), heather and some herbs, grasses and mosses grow on the woodland floor.
There are three kinds of mire in Femundsmarka: peat bog, brushwood bog and sedge fen. They are generally poor in nutrients.
The peat bogs are made up largely of Sphagnum moss and cottongrass.
They are often found close to small tarns and ponds, and are surrounded by brushwood bogs. These are drier and dominated by heathers, dwarf birches and willows.
The sedge fens occur on slopes and are characterised by sedges.

Vulnerable plant species:
In Femundsmarka, there are a number of vulnerable species that require
large areas of pristine woodland. One important species is the rare
wolf lichen, which grows on the trunks and branches of old, dead pine trees. One of the most important occurrences in the country can be found in the
inner part of Femundsmarka


Echt rendiermos ( Cladonia Rangiferina) in open dennenbos.

BIRD LIFE:

The many lakes and wetlands provide valuable nesting and feeding grounds, especially for ducks and waders.
Many ospreys (Visarenden) nest in the national park.
Their relatively high numbers are explained by the ready availability of food
in the shallow lakes that are so rich in fish, and the good nesting sites pro-vided by old, flat-crowned pines.
Many pine tree trunks have nest holes made by three-toed woodpeckers
( Dreiteenspechten) and in autumn Siberian jays ( Taigagaaien) hide berries and mushrooms in cracks in the bark.
Golden eagles
(Steenarenden) , gyr falcons ( Giervalken ) ,
goshawks
(Haviken) and eagle owls ( Oehoes ) also nest in this area.

ANIMAL LIFE:

The barren landscape does not provide a suitable environment for a rich animal life. Nevertheless, a number of species live alongside the water-
courses, some of which are rare, vulnerable or threatened in this part of the country.
Wolverines
(Veelvraten) are well established, while brown bears and lynx roam into the park.
A herd of musk ox that has migrated from Dovrefjell also lives here.
Femundsmarka is one of the few places in inland southern Norway where
there is a permanent otter population.
In some of the larger watercourses, there are also clear signs of the presence of beavers, with felled trees and sturdy dams.
The national park is also an important winter grazing area for elk
(Eland) , which come in large numbers in winter from the area around Aursunden further to the south. In some places, the pine woodland shows signs of heavy grazing.
The Sámi herd their reindeer in this area.
Elgå is the southernmost Sámi reindeer herding area in Norway.
The reindeer should not be disturbed when grazing and they are especially vulnerable during their calving season
.
A small flock of musk oxen are found in the northern part of Femundsmarka around the river Mugga and Mount Skedbrofjellet.
If you meet a musk ox – stay calm and keep a distance of at least 200 metres. This is for their safety as well as your own! Musk oxen can charge if they feel threatened.

HISTORY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE RELICS

The first signs of human activity in Femundsmarka date from the Neolithic (Late Stone Age) period. These include habitation sites and the remains of fairly large trapping systems of pitfalls (vangkuilen).

Central Sámi area:
It is uncertain how long there has been Sámi activity in the area.
The Sámi people have herded their semidomesticated
(halftamme) reindeer
for centuries and before that they lived by hunting, trapping, gathering and fishing.
They have traditions and beliefs associated with places in the national park, often without having left any physical traces on the land.
Some of the visible traces in Femundsmarka include old settlements with the foundations of turf huts, various storing places, and corrals where reindeer were gathered together.
A number of settlements were established in the area during the late-18th century.
As time went by, summer dairy farms at Haugen and Svukuriset, just outside the national park, developed into farms, where people still live.

The Røros Copper Works have left their mark:
Many of the traces from recent centuries left in the area in and around the national park relate to the Røros Copper Works. The copper smelter on the western shore of Femunden was in operation from 1743 to 1822.
Right up to the Swedish border, there are clear signs of tree felling and charcoal kilns
(houtskoolmijten) to supply the furnaces with charcoal.
Along the watercourses, there is evidence of log floating in the form of dams, log flumes, timber booms and log raft booms.

(Voor het vervoer van hout werden kanalen gegraven, die voor een deel nog steeds te zien zijn.)



Einleitung Femundsmarka:
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Im Osten von Norwegen flacht das Land langsam ab.
Im Grenzgebiet zu Schweden breiten sich die ruhigeren Landschaftsformen einer Hochebene aus, auf der die Auswirkungen der letzten Eiszeit allgegenwärtig sind.
Das Eis hinterließ bei seinem Rückzug vor etwa 10.000 Jahren Unmengen
an Geröll, Felsblöcken und die für diesen Landstrich typischen Moränen-
rücken
, zwischen deren langen Linien sich eine Vielzahl von Seen gebildet hat.
Der größte von ihnen ist der Femunden, mit einer Längsausdehnung von fast 60 km zugleich der drittgrößte See des Landes.

Zwischen dem Femunden und der schwedischen Grenze wurde ein Nationalpark errichtet.

Gut abgeschirmt von den küstennahen Bergen ist der Osten des Landes klimatisch begünstigt.
Trockene, sonnenreiche und warme Sommer stehen bitterkalten Wintern gegenüber – also typisches Inlandklima.

Die geringen Niederschläge, verbunden mit nährstoffarmen Gesteinen ,
die nur im Tal der Røa von fruchtbaren, kalkreichen Böden abgelöst
werden , haben zu einer artenarmen Flora geführt.
Aber sie bilden den optimalen Nährboden für Kiefern
(= Grove dennen)
und Beerensträucher, die die tieferen Lagen ausfüllen und zwischen
denen sich Erd- und mit Flechten
(= lichenen ) verzierte Geröllhalden
(= puinhellingen ) breit machen, die, gespickt mit Seen, dieses Gebiet so kontrastvoll und interessant gestalten.

Den Wanderer erwarten nahezu urzeitliche Landschaften, wobei sich Kahlfjell und felsübersäte Lichtungen (= open plekken) mit unberührten,
stolz wachsenden, verwitterten Baumriesen der Kiefern abwechseln.
Der in manchen Bereichen allgegenwärtige Untergrund aus Stein und Geröll strapaziert die Füßgelenke in hohem Maße.

Zie ook:
. www.grenselandet.no/en/nine-protected-nature-areas/femundsmarka

. www.grenselandet.no/images/stories/kartor/karta ( overzichtskaart )


. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Femundsmarka_National_Park



Femundsmarka op de Planleggingskart Sør-Norge:

Deze planningskaart van Zuid-Noorwegen is een overzichtskaart.
Ze toont de
hutten, de gemarkeerde paden, en de zuivere looptijd in uren
( dus zonder pauzes).


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